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Occupational / Environmental ExposuresThere are thousands of chemicals in use in today's workplaces - and more women at work than ever before. Before suggesting that a woman change or quit her job, employers and employees need reliable proof of reproductive risk or safety of exposures in the workplace. Evidence-based information on the risks of industrial exposures is limited, but Motherisk is working to fill that knowledge gap. The following articles contain some of what we have uncovered so far.
A prospective-controlled study of pregnant veterinary staff exposed to inhaled anesthetics and x-rays.
Shuhaiber S, Einarson A, Radde IC, Sarkar M, Koren G: Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2002;15(4):363-73
Vision abnormalities in young children exposed prenatally to organic solvents.
Till C, Nulman I, Koren G, Westall CA, Rovet J. (2005). Neurotoxicology, 26 (4), 599-613.
Child neurodevelopmental outcome and maternal occupational exposure to solvents.
Laslo-Baker D et al. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Oct;158(10):956-61.
DEET-based insect repellents: safety implications for children and pregnant and lactating women.
Koren G, Matsui D, Bailey B: CMAJ Aug.5, 2003; 169(3).
Electric shock during pregnancy
Ran D. Goldman, MD, Adrienne Einarson, Gideon Koren, MD, FRCPC
Exposure to electromagnetic fields during pregnancy
Gideon Koren, MD, FRCPC
Occupational exposure to inhaled anesthetic: Is it a concern for pregnant women?
Samar Shuhaiber; Gideon Koren, MD, FRCPC
Pregnancy outcome following gestational exposure to organic solvents: a prospective controlled study.
Khattak S, K-Moghtader G, McMartin K, Barrera M, Kennedy D, Koren G: JAMA 1999 Sep 15;282(11):1033.
Accidental electric shock in pregnancy: A prospective cohort study
Einarson A, Bailey B, Inocencion G, Ormond K, Koren G: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 176/3 (678-681) 1997.
Estimation of fetal risk from aerosolized pentamidine in pregnant health care workers.
Ito S, Koren G: Chest 106: 1460-1462, 1994.
The three most common occupational exposures reported by pregnant women: An update
Bentur Y, Koren G: Am J Obstet Gynecol 165: 429-437, 1991.
Lead exposure in mothers and their newborn babies in greater Toronto, 1989.
Koren G, Chang N, Gonen R, Klein J, Weiner LH, Demshar HP, Pizzolato S, Shime J: Can Med Assoc J 142: 1241-1244, 1990.
A multicenter prospective study of reproductive outcome following carbon monoxide poisoning in pregnancy.
Koren G, Sharav T, Pastuszak A, et al: Reproduct Toxicol 5: 397-403, 1991.
Lead risk during pregnancy.
Koren G: Can J Fam Physicians 42: 414-415, 1996.
Proactive approach for the evaluation of fetal safety in chemical industries.
McMartin KI, Koren G: Teratology. 1999 Sep;60(3):130-6.
Pregnancy outcome following maternal organic solvent exposure: a meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies.
McMartin KI, Chu M, Kopecky E, Einarson TR, Koren G: Am J Ind Med. 1998 Sep;34(3):288-92.
Prenatal exposure to organic solvents and child neurobehavioral performance.
Till C, Koren G, Rovet JF: Neurotoxicol Teratol , 2001; 23: 235-45
Effects of maternal occupational exposure to organic solvents on offspring visual functioning: a prospective controlled study.
Till C, Westall CA, Rovet JF, Koren G: Teratology 2001; 64: 134-41.