CBD Oil During Pregnancy – Is it safe?

When a woman is pregnant, everything — from the food she eats to the beverages she drinks to the supplements she takes — can impact her health and the baby’s health. Many pregnant women want to use CBD oil as a natural supplement to relieve a variety of pregnancy-related conditions. They may be wondering if it is safe to take CBD oil while their pregnancy progresses.

How CBD Works With the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

CBD works with the endocannabinoid system by working with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain. There are two main receptors: CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors. The CB1 receptors are responsible for regulating the central nervous system, while the CB2 receptors are there to regulate the peripheral nervous system.

The ECS system controls many functions in the body, such as how the immune system acts, the body’s sleep cycle, and how the body responds to pain.

CBD can help regulate functions in the body. It does this by modifying the CB1 and CB2 receptors. It can also increase the body’s production of natural endocannabinoids. This is why CBD can help control and reduce pain.

Why Pregnant Women Use CBD

Women who are pregnant are facing much stress because of body changes. Some of the pregnancy conditions they may experience can impact their daily lives to the point that they cannot function properly. Many expectant mothers must put up with these because over-the-counter medications such as sleeping pills, antidepressants, and cold medicine can be unsafe for a developing fetus.

However, some expectant mothers use oil because they believe it offers a more natural alternative to risky over-the-counter medications.

Morning Sickness

One of the most common conditions women face during pregnancy is morning sickness. Sometimes, expectant mothers cannot leave the house because the morning sickness is too terrible. It can also lead to dehydration for both mother and baby and prevents them from getting the nutrients they need. While medications to treat this problem are available, they have many side effects, such as sleeplessness, dizziness, and blurred vision.

Many women who are pregnant are interested in an alternative that does not have as many undesirable effects. CBD oil is one of the most popular alternatives to mainstream medications. It works the same way as many mainstream nausea medications. It works on the part of the brain associated with nausea and tells it to stop sending signals of nausea.

Anxiety

Often, women who are pregnant experience mental health problems. It is very common for expectant mothers to experience anxiety, as well as depression. CBD has been shown to help reduce these symptoms.

Pain Relief

During pregnancy, some women may experience cramps, especially in early pregnancy. These cramps are usually because the uterus is expanding and pulling the surrounding muscles with it.

In the second trimester, some women might have cramps that are caused by the round ligament. This muscle supports the uterus, and as the uterus expands more, an expectant mother may feel a stabbing pain in her lower abdomen. Cramps can make it difficult for women to get things done. CBD can help these pregnancy cramps go away.

CBD can help regulate and prevent pain because it prevents the body from absorbing anandamide. When the body has more anandamide in the bloodstream, the person may not feel as much pain. Chronic pain patients often use this oil to relieve symptoms.

Promote Better Sleep

It can be difficult for an expectant mother to get a good night’s rest. Often, she will get anxious about her pregnancy during the night. As the pregnancy progresses, it can get harder and harder for the mother-to-be to find a comfortable sleeping position. Cannabis products can help pregnant women get the rest they need for themselves and their developing babies.

How Pregnant Women Take CBD

There are a few ways CBD users take the chemical. Usually, it is taken orally so that it affects the entire body. Expectant mothers generally take it orally to help deal with pain and nausea. However, some women who are pregnant prefer to use CBD as a cream on a specific part of the body, such as an aching knee.

CBD Oil

This oil is a cannabis compound that is extracted from the hemp plant. After the oil has been extracted, it is distilled, which removes undesirable parts, such as fats, plant material, and lipids. It is also isolated so that the end product will contain only CBD. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol, CBD does not make a person high or have a psychoactive effect because all the psychoactive elements are removed during this distilling process.

People generally add CBD oil to their food to take it. They may also place a small amount under their tongue for a minute or two so that the body can absorb it.

CBD Gummies

CBD gummies are made the same way as regular gummies. The manufacturer infuses the gelatin with CBD before creating the gummies.

Many users prefer to use gummies to get their CBD because each gummy has a certain amount of CBD in it. Many users find this easier than measuring out each spoonful of oil, and gummies offer them an easy way to regulate the dosage of CBD each time.

Another benefit of gummies is that users can make them at home. They only need gelatin, fruit juice, sweetener, and a bottle of CBD tincture.

Effects of CBD on Developing Fetus

Conclusive evidence about the long-term effects of CBD on babies is still lacking. Many studies that have been done only focus on marijuana use in high amounts, or products that also contain THC. However, some research work has been done that showed CBD might harm a developing fetus.

Brain Development

A 2014 study by researchers at the University of Florida’s Department of Pediatrics found that CBD has some negative effects on unborn babies. The study looked at the effects of the cannabis plant and CBD and the characteristics of medical marijuana.

The study found that children whose mothers used marijuana had a few problems with their brains. The most notable was that these children did not have good memories. The study concluded that children whose mothers used cannabis had trouble focusing on important tasks for an extended period of time.

However, the study also found that when the mother used only a small amount of marijuana, the child’s brain development was not affected.

Birth Weight

A 2016 study by the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Washington University found that babies whose mothers used marijuana had a higher risk of low birth weight. The study compared women who used marijuana during pregnancy with those who did not. Researchers found that women who did not use marijuana during pregnancy had a little over a 10 percent risk of low birth weight. Women who used marijuana during pregnancy had a 15 percent risk of having babies with low birth weight

The study also found that a woman’s risk of giving birth prematurely rose from 9 percent to 15 percent. These babies were in the intensive care unit of the hospital more often than other babies.

Stillbirth

A few studies have shown that the use of marijuana during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of stillbirth, however, while Marijuana contains THC, CBD does not – at least nothing more than trace amounts that have not been linked to any dangerous side effects.

CBD in Breast Milk

Even after a mother gives birth, she may want to limit her CBD oil intake. Some cannabinoids can pass from the mother to her baby through her milk. However, there is still not enough research to determine the effect on the child.

One of the most important findings in recent years has shown that a mother’s milk already has some cannabinoids in it that the baby needs to develop properly. Scientists do not know which cannabinoids are present, though. It is difficult to determine how many cannabinoids are in the milk because they bond to fat cells.

The Verdict

Many soon-to-be mothers assume that because CBD oil is from a plant, it is safer than more traditional drugs that do not seem as “natural.” However, this is not always the case. Just because CBD oil is from a plant and is natural, it does not mean that it is safe for a pregnant woman to take.

Synthetic medications do have their undesirable effects. However, they have been studied for much longer than CBD-related products, and their side effects are more documented. Doctors do not know what to expect with cannabidiol products in pregnancy.

Tetrahydrocannabinol

Neither the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) nor the FDA recommends that women who are pregnant use any product containing marijuana. Many studies have shown that products with THC bring about many health problems for the baby. This is because THC passes right through the placental barrier. Because the baby’s brain is still developing, THC affects a baby much more than a grown adult.

CBD Products

The main reason organizations such as ACOG are unwilling to recommend CBD during pregnancy is because there is a lack of research in the area. There is some preliminary research that suggests CBD without THC can be beneficial to pregnancy, but there is no research about the long-term effects of taking CBD while pregnant. It is unknown whether it has a positive or negative effect. Without strong evidence either way, the experts want to remain cautious.

However, many women are interested in using CBD while pregnant because it offers many of the same benefits as medical marijuana without the drawbacks.

Pregnant women who are interested in trying cannabis products to ease pregnancy-related conditions should always consult their doctor or gynecologist before use.

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